Challenged Works

Underground to Canada

By Barbara Smucker


In 2002, Afro-Canadians lobbied the Tri-County District School Board in Nova Scotia to remove Underground to Canada, John Ball’s In the Heat of the Night and Harper Lee’s To Kill a Mockingbird from classrooms. The complainants objected to the depictions of black people and the use of the word “nigger” in these anti-racist novels. The school board rejected their request.

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